Hypertonic pelvic floor muscle dysfunction: Overview

Content Written By: Andrew T. Goldstein, MD

This condition, is also know as vaginismus is when the muscles that surround the vagina (also the bladder and anus) are in spasm. This causes pain at the vulvar vestibule which leads to pain upon penetration. A 10% increase in muscle tone of the pelvic floor muscles causes a 50% decrease blood flow and oxygen going to these muscles. This leads to a build-up of lactic acid in these muscles which causes the muscles to be sore.

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